Per culm leaves; blades 1.5?(?2) cm long, 0.6?.5(?) mm wide (expanded), folded to

Per culm leaves; blades 1.5?(?2) cm long, 0.6?.5(?) mm wide (expanded), folded to involute, purchase FPS-ZM1 slightly thick, slightly firm, margins involute, AM152 chemical information abaxially smooth, veins not expressed, margins long scabrous for most of the length, adaxially densely scaberulous, with 2 rows of buliform cells, apex slightly prow-tipped; flag leaf blades like the others; sterile shoot blades like those of the culm. Panicles 1.5?.7( ?) cm long, 2?.5(?.2) mm wide, erect, tightly contracted, linear, slightly secund,Robert J. Soreng Paul M. Peterson / PhytoKeys 15: 1?04 (2012)included in the leaves or slightly exerted, congested, with 7?0 (many) spikelets, peduncle smooth, proximal internode 0.4?.7 cm long; rachis with 1?(?) branches per node; primary branches erect, appressed, stout, slightly angled, smooth or distally slightly to moderately scabrous to hirtellous on the angles; lateral pedicels less than 1/2 their spikelet in length, moderately scabrous, prickles fine; longest branches 0.3?.8 cm (?), with 1 to 2 spikelets (?), flowered from near the base. Spikelets 3 mm 6.5 long, 1?.3(?.5) mm wide; 2? ?as long as wide, lanceolate to ovate, laterally compressed, not bulbiferous, slightly lustrous, two toned; florets 1?(?), pistillate; rachilla internodes terete, mostly 0.2?.4 (?) mm long, smooth or scabrous, glabrous; glumes broadly lanceolate, herbaceous and pale green below, scarious bronzy and sometimes anthocyanic in margins and apex, veins distinct, equal to subequal, distinctly keeled, sometimes a bit asymmetrical, subequal to the spikelet, smooth (or scabrous), margins broadly scarious-hyaline, edges entire or dentate, smooth, apices entire; lower glumes 2.5?(?.4) mm long, (1?3-veined; upper glumes 2.7?(?.8) mm long, 3-veined; calluses glabrous; lemmas 2.5?(?) mm long, 5-veined, (ovate) elliptical (lanceolate), chartaceous green below keeled, surfaces glabrous, proximally smooth, keel and sides distally moderately to densely scabrous (prickle hairs sometimes a bit flexuous) to scaberulous, intermediate veins indistinct, upper margins broadly bronzy-anthocyanic, apex entire, obtuse to acute, paleas glabrous, keels distally scabrous. Flowers; lodicules broadly lanceolate, apex acute, with or without a lateral lobe; anthers vestigial, 0.1?.2(?.8) mm long. Caryopses 1.7?.8 mm long, elliptical in side-view, subcylindrical in cross-section, light honey-brown, sulcus indistinct, hilum 0.25 mm long, round, grain free from the palea. 2n = 70. Distribution. In South America the species occurs Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru; and is known only from the state of Mexico. Ecology. This species is typically found on well drained slopes, in loam, sandy loam, scree, or rocky crevices, on alpine volcanic slopes between 4000?200 m. Flowering in August. Specimens examined. Mexico. Mexico: Monte Tlaloc, near summit of mountain, 4100-4140 m, 22 Aug 1958, J.H.Beaman 2342 (US-2381582, TEX, WIS). Discussion. This is the first report of this species for Mexico. Poa gymnantha is known from the high Andes (ca. 8?6 lat.; Negritto et al. 2008) in Argentina (Jujuy and Salta), Chile (Region 1 and Parinacota), Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, and Potos?, Peru (Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cuzco, Huancavelica, Jun , Moquegua, Puno, and Tacna). Negritto et al. (2008) discusses the taxonomy and reproductive biology of this high polyploid, pistillate, apomictic species. Although low growing forms, often treated as P. ovata and P. pseudoaequigluma (see synonyms above) are excluded from P.Per culm leaves; blades 1.5?(?2) cm long, 0.6?.5(?) mm wide (expanded), folded to involute, slightly thick, slightly firm, margins involute, abaxially smooth, veins not expressed, margins long scabrous for most of the length, adaxially densely scaberulous, with 2 rows of buliform cells, apex slightly prow-tipped; flag leaf blades like the others; sterile shoot blades like those of the culm. Panicles 1.5?.7( ?) cm long, 2?.5(?.2) mm wide, erect, tightly contracted, linear, slightly secund,Robert J. Soreng Paul M. Peterson / PhytoKeys 15: 1?04 (2012)included in the leaves or slightly exerted, congested, with 7?0 (many) spikelets, peduncle smooth, proximal internode 0.4?.7 cm long; rachis with 1?(?) branches per node; primary branches erect, appressed, stout, slightly angled, smooth or distally slightly to moderately scabrous to hirtellous on the angles; lateral pedicels less than 1/2 their spikelet in length, moderately scabrous, prickles fine; longest branches 0.3?.8 cm (?), with 1 to 2 spikelets (?), flowered from near the base. Spikelets 3 mm 6.5 long, 1?.3(?.5) mm wide; 2? ?as long as wide, lanceolate to ovate, laterally compressed, not bulbiferous, slightly lustrous, two toned; florets 1?(?), pistillate; rachilla internodes terete, mostly 0.2?.4 (?) mm long, smooth or scabrous, glabrous; glumes broadly lanceolate, herbaceous and pale green below, scarious bronzy and sometimes anthocyanic in margins and apex, veins distinct, equal to subequal, distinctly keeled, sometimes a bit asymmetrical, subequal to the spikelet, smooth (or scabrous), margins broadly scarious-hyaline, edges entire or dentate, smooth, apices entire; lower glumes 2.5?(?.4) mm long, (1?3-veined; upper glumes 2.7?(?.8) mm long, 3-veined; calluses glabrous; lemmas 2.5?(?) mm long, 5-veined, (ovate) elliptical (lanceolate), chartaceous green below keeled, surfaces glabrous, proximally smooth, keel and sides distally moderately to densely scabrous (prickle hairs sometimes a bit flexuous) to scaberulous, intermediate veins indistinct, upper margins broadly bronzy-anthocyanic, apex entire, obtuse to acute, paleas glabrous, keels distally scabrous. Flowers; lodicules broadly lanceolate, apex acute, with or without a lateral lobe; anthers vestigial, 0.1?.2(?.8) mm long. Caryopses 1.7?.8 mm long, elliptical in side-view, subcylindrical in cross-section, light honey-brown, sulcus indistinct, hilum 0.25 mm long, round, grain free from the palea. 2n = 70. Distribution. In South America the species occurs Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru; and is known only from the state of Mexico. Ecology. This species is typically found on well drained slopes, in loam, sandy loam, scree, or rocky crevices, on alpine volcanic slopes between 4000?200 m. Flowering in August. Specimens examined. Mexico. Mexico: Monte Tlaloc, near summit of mountain, 4100-4140 m, 22 Aug 1958, J.H.Beaman 2342 (US-2381582, TEX, WIS). Discussion. This is the first report of this species for Mexico. Poa gymnantha is known from the high Andes (ca. 8?6 lat.; Negritto et al. 2008) in Argentina (Jujuy and Salta), Chile (Region 1 and Parinacota), Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, and Potos?, Peru (Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cuzco, Huancavelica, Jun , Moquegua, Puno, and Tacna). Negritto et al. (2008) discusses the taxonomy and reproductive biology of this high polyploid, pistillate, apomictic species. Although low growing forms, often treated as P. ovata and P. pseudoaequigluma (see synonyms above) are excluded from P.