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Vital crack widened rapidly, and propagated upward via the internet. Finally, the common tension failure occurred with little warning, and the fully prestressed specimen was divided into two components by the important crack. It need to be noted that the total number of flexural cracks appeared throughout the loading procedure was limited, resulting from the high tensile strength of UHPC andAppl. Sci. 2021, 11,7 ofthe application of external tendons. Apart from, the ultimate compression strains within the leading flange varied in between 1832 (E30-P100-D0-L3) and 3313 (E55-P100-D0-L3), which had been well below the ultimate compression strain of UHPC (about 4500 [30]). This outcome recommended that the compression strength of UHPC was not sufficiently mobilized in fully prestressed beam. For the Cephalothin Anti-infection partially prestressed beams, the total quantity of flexural cracks was clearly enhanced as well as the cracking distribution was extra uniform, for the reason that tensile steel bars had been favorable to stress redistribution and restricted the propagation of main flexural cracks. A part of the major cracks extended upward with all the increasing applied load. Lastly, UHPC in the prime flange was crushed just before the fracture of steel bars plus the external tendons. The measured maximum compression strains within the major flange ranged from 4723 (E30-P85-D0-L3) to 5338 (E55-P68-D0-L3). Thus, on account of the presence of your internal tensile reinforcements, the brittle failure from the totally prestressed beam switched for the ductile failure with the partially prestressed beam. three.2. Load-Deflection Behavior The main test benefits of eight specimens in the cracking, yielding (softening) and ultimate states are listed in Table 3. The load-deflection and moment-deflection behavior of specimens are plotted in Figures six and 7, respectively.Table three. Experimental results for specimens. Specimen Code E30-P85-D0-L3 E30-P85-D3-L3 E30-P85-D6-L3 E55-P68-D0-L3 E30-P100-D0-L3 PD1-PDL1-IN 1 References E45-P100-D0-L3 E45-P100-D0-L4 E55-P100-D0-L3 Cracking State Pcr (kN) 36.two 40.4 42.six 68.9 35.six 45.three 91.two 57.2 cr (mm) 3.36 3.70 4.23 4.72 3.48 three.91 four.75 four.32 Yielding/Softening State Py /Ps (kN) 58.five 67.2 68.5 109.8 37.five 55.five 118.two 72.six y /s (mm) 7.28 9.95 eight.89 9.47 four.74 six.51 ten.06 8.86 Ultimate State Pu (kN) 85.0 90.two 96.0 137.0 41.9 51.7 115.8 70.2 u (mm) 36.48 38.40 40.19 37.48 25.54 27.05 28.21 31.73 Py (Ps )/Pcr Pu /Pcr 1.62 1.66 1.61 1.59 1.05 1.23 1.30 1.27 two.35 two.23 2.25 1.99 1.18 1.14 1.27 1.23 two.48 2.52 two.51 2.57 2.01 two.10 two.01 two.Appl. Note: Pcr 11, 9189 denote the cracking load and midspan deflection; Py and y represent the yielding load and midspan deflection of of 21 Sci. 2021, and cr eight partially prestressed beam; Ps and s denote the softening load and midspan deflection of totally prestressed beams; Pu and u represent the ultimate load and midspan deflection; and is Naaman deformability index (as defined in Section 3.five).(a)(b)Figure six. Load-deflection relationships of specimens: the fully prestressed specimens; (b) (b) the partially prestressed Figure six. Load-deflection relationships of specimens: (a)(a) the fully prestressed specimens; the partially prestressed specimens. specimens.(a)Appl. Sci. 2021, 11,(b)eight ofFigure six. Load-deflection relationships of specimens: (a) the completely prestressed specimens; (b) the partially prestressed specimens.(a)(b)Figure Moment eflection relationships of specimens: (a) the completely prestressed specimens; (b) the partially preFigure 7. 7.Moment eflection relationships of specimens: (a) the fully prestressed specimens; (b) the.

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