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0 0 0 0 1 (six.7) 0 0 0 1 (four) 3 (1.four) FS 0 0 — 0 two (six.three) — 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 (0.9) 19 five four 0 two 0 0 three 2 1 0 0 11 0 2 49 Ga 0 0 0 — 0 — — 0 0 0 — — 0 — 0 0 Gadwall
0 0 0 0 1 (6.7) 0 0 0 1 (four) 3 (1.4) FS 0 0 — 0 2 (six.three) — 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 (0.9) 19 five 4 0 2 0 0 three 2 1 0 0 11 0 2 49 Ga 0 0 0 — 0 — — 0 0 0 — — 0 — 0 0 Gadwall Pos. N. ( ) OS CS 0 0 0 — 0 — — 0 0 0 — — 0 — 0 0 FS 0 1 (20) 0 — 0 — — 0 0 0 — — 0 — 0 1 (two) 1 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 two 0 0 12 Boc-Cystamine Autophagy Northern Pintail NP Pos. N. ( ) OS 0 0 0 — — — — — — — — — 0 — — 0 CS 0 0 0 — — — — — — — — — 0 — — 0 FS 0 0 0 — — — — — — — — — 0 — — 0 six 10 one hundred 54 16 20 2 89 0 16 15 4 two three 0 337 EW OS 0 1 (10) ten (ten) two (3.7) 0 0 0 3 (three.4) — 0 0 0 0 1 (33.three) — 17 (5) Eurasian Wigeon Pos. N. ( ) CS two (33.3) two (20) 9 (9) three (five.six) 0 0 0 four (4.5) — 0 0 0 0 0 — 20 (five.9) FS 0 0 five (five) 1 (1.9) 2 (12.five) — 0 1 (1.1) — 0 0 0 0 2 (66.7) — 11 (three.3) eight 19 0 eight 8 0 2 5 23 four 0 six 15 five eight 111 Ma OS 0 1 (five.3) — 0 0 — 0 0 0 0 — 0 0 1 (20) 0 two (1.eight) Mallard Pos. N. ( ) CS 0 1 (five.3) — 0 0 — 0 0 0 0 — 0 0 0 0 1 (0.9) FS 0 2 (ten.five) — 0 1 (12.five) — 0 0 0 0 — 0 0 1 (20) 0 4 (three.six) 13 1 11 40 4 0 0 2 1 four 0 7 eight two 1 94 NS OS 0 0 0 0 0 — — 0 0 0 — 0 0 1 (50) 0 1 (1.1) Northern Shoveler Pos. N. ( ) CS 0 0 1 (9.1) 0 0 — — 0 0 0 — 1 (14.three) 1 (12.five) 0 0 three (3.two) FS 0 0 1 (9.1) 0 0 — — 0 0 0 — 0 0 0 0 1 (1.1) 54 40 120 110 62 20 50 one hundred 86 45 30 18 39 13 36 823 DD OS 0 2 (5) ten (8.3) two (1.8) two (3.two) 0 1 (two) three (three) 1 (1.two) 0 0 0 0 four (30.eight) 0 25 (3) Dabbling Ducks Pos. N. ( ) CS three (5.6) 3 (7.5) ten (eight.3) 3 (2.7) 0 0 0 four (4) 0 0 1 (3.3) 1 (five.6) 1 (2.six) 0 1 (2.8) 27 (three.three) FS 0 three (7.five) six (five) 1 (0.9) five (8.1) — 0 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 three (23.1) 0 19 (two.three)HPAIV, hugely pathogenic avian influenza virus; LPAIV, low pathogenic avian influenza virus; HVSS, hunting valley sampling web page; ID, identification; N., Quantity; ET, Eurasian Teal number; Ga, Gadwall quantity; NP, Northern Pintail number; EW, Eurasian Wigeon number; Ma, Mallard number; NS, Northern Shoveler quantity; DD N., Dabbling ducks number; Pos., swabs tested positive by true time RT-PCR for AIV M gene; ( ), AIV detection prevalence; OS, oropharyngeal swabs; CS, cloacal swabs; FS, feather swabs; –, sample not available; V., Valle; VCPa, V. Ca Pasta (RO); VCZ, V. Ca Zuliani (RO); VD, V. Drago (VE); VSL, V. San Leonardo (RO); VC, V. Chiusa (RO); VCPi, V. Ca Pisani (RO); VM, V. Morosina (RO); VF, Valle Figheri (VE). Only pathotyped strains have been reported within this table.Microorganisms 2021, 9,five ofSurveillance activity two (captured ducks): Sampling activities in captured migratory waterfowl had been performed from November 2020 to March 2021 at two wetlands located within the province with the Venice: Valle Figheri and Valle Cavallino (Figure 1). The initial region is thought of a biodiversity hotspot; the presence of each migratory and resident aquatic birds, along with the constant support of ornithologists, tends to make this wetland excellent both for active surveillance of AIV in birds and the atmosphere, and for gaining deeper insight around the ecological aspects of AIV in their all-natural reservoirs. Fourteen diverse field samplings have been organized in Valle Figheri inside the period 12 November 2020 February 2021 (Table 2). Valle Cavallino, CGS 12066 dimaleate Cancer situated within the northern Lagoon of Venice, was also incorporated inside the activity for two field sample collections in February 2021, following the proof of HPAI viruses in some backyard poultry farms. A total of 521 dabbling ducks had been tested and in detail 419 captured birds had been seized in the trapping web site of Valle Figheri, like the ET, Ga, and Ma species, whereas 102 captured aquatic birds caug.

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Author: haoyuan2014