Tionship among various expenses within the total expense. Based on the experimental findings within this paper, the following recommendations are place forward. 1. In practice, the enterprise must rationally pick out the optimization aim and arrange the vehicle distribution program in line with the distribution law of consumers, the timesensitivity of fresh merchandise, the client time window, as well as the time-varying road network situations. Ahead of producing a distribution strategy, enterprises ought to have a affordable estimate of your time sensitivity of fresh agricultural goods to become distributed. When agricultural GYKI 52466 manufacturer products are time-sensitive, freshness loss includes a fantastic influence around the total price, and enterprises need to pay consideration to lowering freshness loss. When agricultural products are time-insensitive, freshness loss has tiny impact on the total cost, and enterprises can give priority to other cost indicators, for example carbon emissions. The proportion of carbon emission price in the total cost is fairly low, so the carbon trading value could be appropriately raised to attract enterprises to spend attention for the minimizing of carbon emission.2.3.Appl. Sci. 2021, 11,22 of4.The preference of enterprises for various optimization objectives inside the total expense will drastically influence the total expense, so the weight need to be allocated in accordance with the actual circumstance to achieve the goal of enterprises.This paper is only an exploratory study on the time-dependent green automobile routing challenge with soft time window constraints. The following situations are worthy of additional study. 1. The research within this paper is based on the similar fresh agricultural merchandise transported by all vehicles, but in reality, the fresh agricultural solutions transported by each and every vehicle might be distinctive, in addition to a range of fresh agricultural goods may very well be mixed in 1 car. In these situations, the partnership involving freshness loss and total price, too as the influence of time sensitivity of agricultural solutions on distribution program, will need to be further explored. Moreover, take into consideration the scenario of consumer orders. A customer’s order could include a range of fresh agricultural solutions, and also the splitting and merging of consumer orders will make transportation far more effective and really should be regarded as, too as ways to do the splitting and merging of orders. These issues demand additional study. The study in this paper is primarily based on a static scenario, and a study of the dynamic scenario of TDGVRPSTW has not been carried out. The design and style of investigation solutions in dynamic circumstances can develop into the path of future research.2.3.Author Contributions: D.W.: Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision, Methodology Writing–original draft. C.W.: Formal analysis, Validation, Resources, Application editing. All authors have study and agreed to the published version of your manuscript. Funding: This research was funded by the China Education Ministry of Humanities and Social Science Study Youth Fund Compound 48/80 Protocol Project (No. 18YJCZH192), the Applied Undergraduate Pilot Project for Logistics Management of Shanghai Ocean University (No. B1-5002-18-0000), the Open Project System of Artificial Intelligence Key Laboratory of Sichuan province (No. 2015RYJ01), and also the Social Science Project in Hunan province (No.16YBA316). Information Availability Statement: All experimental information in this paper come from: https://people.idsia. ch// luca/macs-vrptw/problems/welcome.htm (accessed on two September 2021). Conflicts of.