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BCASdetecOptional (lysis: 50 C, 5 min; 64 C, 5 min) Yes (lysis and magnetic bead-based purification: r.t., ten min) Yes Yes (Off-CHIP, 95 C, two min; on-chip, 3 min) Optional (heat inactivation: 65 C, 30 min) No (lysis: 37 C, five min) No (lysis: 65 C, ten min) No (lysis: 80 C, 5 min) No (lysis: 42 C, 20 min; 64 C, 5 min)RT-RAA (42 C, 30 min); Cas12 (42 C, 30 min)60 minRdRpFR (real-time thermocycler), visual (C2 Ceramide Inhibitor beneath blue LED)–[57]AapCas12bSTOPCovid. vRT-LAMP and Cas12 (60 C, 45 min for FR/80 min for LFD) RT-LAMP (62 C, 30 min); Cas12 (62 C, 15 min) RT-LAMP (off-chip, 62 C, 30 min); Cas12a (on-chip, five min) RT-RPA and Cas12a (42 C, 300 min) RT-RPA Cas12 (r.t., ten min) RT-LAMP (65 C, 30 min); Cas12a (37 C, 100 min) RT-RPA (42 C, 150 min); Cas12 (37 C, 15-20 min) RT-LAMP (65 C, 30 min); Cas12 (37 C, ten min)450 minNFR (real-time thermocycler), LFDFR: 33 copies/mL; LFD: 83 copies/ml93 (202)99 (200)[37]AapCas12bOne-pot iSCAN60 minNVisual (below UV light), LFD Fluorescent microscopy10 copies/reaction86 (N, 21) 94 (32)100 (N, three)[51]LbCas12aITP-CRISPR35 minE, N10 copies/ Synthetic RNA: 1 GE/ ; heat-inactivated virus: 20 GE/ 0.38 copies/ 20 copies/reaction (pseudo-virus) Visual: 1 copy/reaction LFD: 1 copy/ 16 copies/100 (32)[58]LbCas12adeCOViD300 minNFluorescent microscopy Smartphone-based fluorescent microscopy Visual (below UV light) Visual (beneath UV light), LFD FR (real-time thermocycler), Visual (below blue light)one hundred (2)one hundred (two)[59]LbCas12aCRISPR-FDS15 minOrf1ab100 (four) 100 (11)100 (four) one hundred (11)[42]AS-0141 custom synthesis LbCas12a-400 minOrf[60]LbCas12a-300 minN, Orf1ab[61]LbCas12a-40 minN100 (6)100 (6)[62]Life 2021, 11,10 ofTable two. Cont.Cas Protein Assay Name RNA Extraction Optional (proteinase K and heat treatment: 95 C, 5 min) Yes Assay Component RT-LAMP (60 C/63 C, 22 min); Cas12 (60 C, 5 min) RT-RAA (39 C, 30 min); desalting ( three min); Cas12 (37 C, 15 min) RT-LAMP (63 C, 200 min); Cas12 (37 , 20 min) RT-RPA (42 C, 25 min); T7 transcription and Cas13 (37 C, 300 min for FR/30 min for LFD) RT-RPA (42 C, 30 min); T7 transcription and Cas13 (42 C, ten min) RT-PCR ( 40 min)/RT-RPA (42 C, 30 min); T7 transcription and Cas13 (37 C, 120 min) Complex workflow RT (42 C, 30 min); PCR (22 min); Cas13 (37 C, 50 min) Ligation (37 C, 30 min); Transcription amplification (37 C, duration not specified); Cas13 (37 C, 20 min) Cas13 (37 C, 30 min) Time Needed a Target Gene(s) Outcome Interpretation LoD RNA extract: 2 copies/ ; proteinase K and heat therapy: 40 copies/ five copies PPA (n) b RNA extract: 84 (51); proteinase K and heat therapy: 76 (21) 100 (13) NPA (n) b RNA extract: 100 (36); proteinase K and heat treatment: 100 (21) 100 (11) Ref.enAsCas12aVaNGuard (quasi-one-pot)27 minSLFD[63]LbCas12aMeCas12a CRISPRENHANCE45 minEVisual (beneath blue light) LFD[64]LbCas12aYes400 minN300 copies–[65]Cas13-based CRISPR-Dx 555 min S FR (plate reader/real-time thermocycler), LFD FR 42 copies/reaction FR: 96 LFD: eight (81) one hundred (52) FR: one hundred LFD: 88 (73) one hundred (62) [38]LwaCas13aSHERLOCKYesCas13aCRISPR-COVIDYes40 minOrf1ab7.five copies/reaction (plasmid) N: 2.5 copies/reaction Orf1ab: 200 copies/reaction (Virus-like particle) -[39]LwaCas13a-Yes15060 minN (RT-PCR); Orf1ab (RT-RPA)FR (plate reader)–[66]LwaCas13aCARMENYes Optional (PEARL: 25 min)(SAMPLE-toresult: 6.5 h) 572 min-Fluorescent microscopy Visual (below blue light)97 (65)-[67]LwaCas13aCRESTN1, N2, N10 copies/98 (153)[68]LwaCas13a-Yes-E, NFR82 copies (pseudo-virus)one hundred (five).

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Author: haoyuan2014